Ingrown toenails can become chronic if left untreated. Causes can include improper nail trimming, wearing tight footwear, obesity, trauma, excessive sweating, fungal infections, and hormonal changes. Symptoms encompass pain, swelling, redness, and pus formation. Classification into three stages guides treatment decisions, with conservative measures recommended for mild cases. Conservative approaches include proper nail trimming, wearing roomy shoes, and using gauze or specialized materials to separate the nail from the flesh. Surgical intervention becomes necessary for stages two and three, involving either partial or total nail removal and destruction of the lateral matrix to prevent regrowth. Regular podiatry care and adherence to post-treatment protocols are necessary for successful management of ingrown toenails. If you have repeated experience with ingrown toenails, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for an evaluation of the stage you are experiencing, in addition to obtaining proper treatment.
Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Darren Day, DPM of Hawaii. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.
- Bacterial infections
- Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
- Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
- Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
- Genetic predisposition
Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.
Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.
Bunions, a common foot condition, affect millions worldwide. Bunions occur when the joint at the base of the big toe becomes enlarged and protrudes outward. Often caused by genetics, foot stress, or from wearing improper footwear, bunions can lead to pain, swelling, and difficulty walking. Understanding the symptoms is essential in properly treating a bunion. Look for redness, inflammation, and a visible bump at the base of the big toe. While bunions may be managed with proper footwear and orthotics, severe cases may require surgery to realign the toe joint. Prevention is vital, and it is beneficial to opt for shoes with wide-toe boxes and low heels, in addition to avoiding shoes that are tight-fitting or pointed. Simple exercises like toe stretches and foot massages can also alleviate discomfort. Regular foot exams by a podiatrist can catch bunions early and prevent worsening. Bunions are manageable with proper care and attention. If you see a bunion developing, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can confirm the diagnosis, and offer appropriate relief and treatment methods.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
Have you noticed a bony protrusion on the side of your big toe? If so, you may have developed the foot condition known as a bunion. Don't let bunions interfere with your daily activities.
Sports activities are a way people express their love for moving, playing, and competing. Many kids and teens take part in sports, but because sports involve a lot of physical activity injuries can happen. Approximately 30 to 40 percent of all injuries in kids and teenagers occur during sports. However, younger kids are generally less likely to get injured than older teenagers. The kind of foot injuries kids can get depend on the sport being played. The risk also depends on how hard the child plays. Some sports, like swimming, have a lower risk of foot injury. Others, such as ball sports, have a medium risk. And some, like riding or ice skating, have a high risk. Each sport has its typical types of injuries. The lower part of the body is more likely to get injured in sports like soccer, skiing, and running. If your child has incurred a foot injury from sports or from anything else, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment
The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact Darren Day, DPM of Hawaii. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy
- Make sure their shoes fit properly
- Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
- Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
- Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
- Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
- Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
- Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
- Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.